Bromelain is a protein digesting enzyme found in the stem and fruit of pineapples, though the fruit contains a different composition of bromelain than the stem. Often there is a higher concentration found in the stem of the pineapple. Bromelain has been used for a number of different medical, biochemical and pharmacological uses:
For cardiovascular illness, Bromelain has been shown to prevent or minimize the severity of angina pectoris (chest pain) and transient ischemic attacks, inhibits the collection of blood platelets in the vessels, and has been hypothesized to attenuate asthmatic attacks.
In the treatment of osteoarthritis, Bromelain can provide an alternate treatment to nonsterioidal Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), because of its pain reducing properties.
Administrating Bromelain before surgery has been found to decrease the average number of days for disappearance of pain and inflammation. It is now often used to assist with acute sports injuries.
Dosage varies from 80 to 320 mg/day. It has a fairly low toxicity level with a lethal dose of 10 g/ day. It is easily absorbed orally, however, to achieve therapeutic doses for acute injuries, bromelain is needed in a supplement form, not in it’s fruit form. This does not mean that you shouldn’t bother with pineapple. It is a delicious fruit that may just help ward of cancer or chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular
Johnson, K. (2013)Bromelain (Bromelin). VItamins and Supplements Lifestyle Guide. WebMD. Accessed Aug 22, 2013. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/lifestyle-guide-11/supplement-guide-bromelain-bromelin
Maurer, H. R. (2001). Bromelain: biochemistry, pharmacology and medical use. Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 58(9), 1234–45. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11577981
Pavan, R., Jain, S., Shraddha, & Kumar, A. (2012). Properties and therapeutic application of bromelain: a review. Biotechnology research international, 2012, 976203. doi:10.1155/2012/976203
Photo credit: http://foodisgross.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/969pineapple.jpeg
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